Som fortsättning på det förra, mot trotskismen kritiska, inlägget, kan jag rekommendera en analys av 70-talsmaoismens betydelse. Jag har hittat den på erol, "Encyclopedia of Anti-Revisionism", där det finns ofantliga mängder med dokument om de ideologiska striderna mellan olika organisationer inom NCM, den nya kommunistiska rörelsen på 60-80-talen.
Khalil Hassan fokuserar sin beskrivning på "socialismens kris", i första hand den sovjetiska erfarenheten. Mao bröt ny mark men det räckte inte riktigt.
"Maoism attempted to critique the Soviet experience, and by implication
Stalinian Marxism, from within the traditional Marxist-Leninist
paradigm. In a peculiar sense, Maoism attempted to both break new ground
and simultaneously cling to a certain orthodoxy in order to justify its
positions. Maoism became trapped within that paradigm in ways that
weakened its possibility of successfully addressing the crisis of
socialism. The failure to conduct an outright demarcation with Stalinian
Marxism certainly provided fertile ground for a retreat. More
importantly, it could not pave the way toward a revolutionary resolution
of the crisis of socialism."
Mao tog avstånd från fiktionen om det "monolitiska partiet".
"Maoism represented a contradictory attitude toward the question of the
communist party. On the one hand, the importance of a revolutionary
party at all stages in the revolutionary process was constantly
reaffirmed. Maoism correctly identified that it was within the communist
party and the state apparatus that a new class of exploiters could
emerge, precisely because the means of production were no longer owned
privately. For this reason, Mao’s calls, during the Cultural Revolution,
for struggle against the party and for the creation of new
revolutionary organizations represented an important breakthrough for
" Maoism stepped up to the precipice [= stupet]and then halted. It could not answer
that question within the traditional Marxist-Leninist paradigm. And,
when faced with the chaos at a certain stage in the Cultural Revolution,
retreated from even asking the question."
Slutomdömet är huvudsakligen positivt: "..we owe a debt of gratitude to Maoism for opening up a door through which
we must now pass, even if as a theory it could only take the first